4D printing classroom in modern interactive learning environments

Recently featured publication: “4D Printing Classroom in Modern Interactive Learning Environments

The Emergence of four-dimensional (4D) printing and bioprinting in additive manufacturing
(AM), which requires knowledge of multi-physics, chemistry, and engineering skills, is
bringing many engineering applications in biomedicals, wearables, and robotics. This newly
emerging technology has become a feasible commercial proposition because of lower costs,
more design freedom, and more rapid production methods. This serves as a significant
multidisciplinary research and training platform for both academia and the professional world.
This work aims at enhancing researchers’ interest, knowledge, and skills in the emerging field
of 4D printing and bioprinting. Greater knowledge of 4D printing and the promotion of its
practices enables students to pursue research and applications that 4D printing may offer.
Therefore, a straightforward step-by-step approach, including design, metaphysics modeling
principles, finite element method (FEM) simulation, and minimum facilities to replicate 4D
bioprinting as part of an interdisciplinary unit in class is presented in this study.

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